GitLab uses the Asciidoctor gem to convert AsciiDoc content to HTML5. Consult the Asciidoctor User Manual for a complete Asciidoctor reference.


Here’s a brief reference of the most commonly used AsciiDoc syntax. You can find the full documentation for the AsciiDoc syntax at


A normal paragraph.
Line breaks are not preserved.

Line comments, which are lines that start with //, are skipped:

// this is a comment

A blank line separates paragraphs.

A paragraph with the [%hardbreaks] option will preserve line breaks:

This paragraph carries the `hardbreaks` option.
Notice how line breaks are now preserved.

An indented (literal) paragraph disables text formatting, preserves spaces and line breaks, and is displayed in a monospaced font:

 This literal paragraph is indented with one space.
 As a consequence, *text formatting*, spaces,
 and lines breaks will be preserved.

An admonition paragraph grabs the reader’s attention:

NOTE: This is a brief reference, please read the full documentation at

TIP: Lists can be indented. Leading whitespace is not significant.

Text Formatting

Constrained (applied at word boundaries)

*strong importance* (aka bold)
_stress emphasis_ (aka italic)
`monospaced` (aka typewriter text)
"`double`" and '`single`' typographic quotes
+passthrough text+ (substitutions disabled)
`+literal text+` (monospaced with substitutions disabled)

Unconstrained (applied anywhere)



A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away...
(C) 1976 Arty Artisan
I believe I shall--no, actually I won't.


// where c=specialchars, q=quotes, a=attributes, r=replacements, m=macros, p=post_replacements, etc.
The European icon:flag[role=blue] is blue & contains pass:[************] arranged in a icon:circle-o[role=yellow].
The pass:c[->] operator is often referred to as the stabby lambda.
Since `pass:[++]` has strong priority in AsciiDoc, you can rewrite pass:c,a,r[C++ => C{pp}].
// activate stem support by adding `:stem:` to the document header
stem:[sqrt(4) = 2]


User-defined attributes

// define attributes in the document header
:name: value

You can download and install Asciidoctor {asciidoctor-version} from {url-gem}.
C{pp} is not required, only Ruby.
Use a leading backslash to output a word enclosed in curly braces, like \{name}.

Environment attributes

GitLab sets the following environment attributes:

Attribute 説明
docname Root name of the source document (no leading path or file extension).
outfilesuffix File extension corresponding to the backend output (defaults to .adoc to make inter-document cross references work).[A webpage]
link:../path/to/file.txt[A local file]
xref:document.adoc[A sibling document][Email to say hello!]


[[idname,reference text]]
// or written using normal block attributes as `[#idname,reftext=reference text]`
A paragraph (or any block) with an anchor (aka ID) and reftext.

See <<idname>> or <<idname,optional text of internal link>>.

xref:document.adoc#idname[Jumps to anchor in another document].

This paragraph has a footnote.footnote:[This is the text of the footnote.]



* level 1
** level 2
*** level 3
**** level 4
***** etc.
* back at level 1
Attach a block or paragraph to a list item using a list continuation (which you can enclose in an open block).

.Some Authors
- Edgar Allen Poe
- Sheri S. Tepper
- Bill Bryson


. Step 1
. Step 2
.. Step 2a
.. Step 2b
. Step 3

.Remember your Roman numerals?
. is one
. is two
. is three


* [x] checked
* [ ] not checked


// enable callout bubbles by adding `:icons: font` to the document header
puts 'Hello, World!' # <1>
<1> Prints `Hello, World!` to the console.


first term:: description of first term
second term::
description of second term

Document Structure

= Document Title
Author Name <>
v1.0, 2019-01-01


= Document Title (Level 0)
== Level 1
=== Level 2
==== Level 3
===== Level 4
====== Level 5
== Back at Level 1



// define -a allow-uri-read to allow content to be read from URI

To guarantee good system performance and prevent malicious documents causing problems, GitLab enforces a maximum limit on the number of include directives processed in any one document. Currently a total of 32 documents can be included, a number that is inclusive of transitive dependencies.


open - a general-purpose content wrapper; useful for enclosing content to attach to a list item
// recognized types include CAUTION, IMPORTANT, NOTE, TIP, and WARNING
// enable admonition icons by setting `:icons: font` in the document header
admonition - a notice for the reader, ranging in severity from a tip to an alert
example - a demonstration of the concept being documented
.Toggle Me
collapsible - these details are revealed by clicking the title
sidebar - auxiliary content that can be read independently of the main content
literal - an exhibit that features program output
listing - an exhibit that features program input, source code, or the contents of a file
source - a listing that is embellished with (colorized) syntax highlighting
fenced code - a shorthand syntax for the source block
quote - a quotation or excerpt; attribution with title of source are optional
verse - a literary excerpt, often a poem; attribution with title of source are optional
pass - content passed directly to the output document; often raw HTML
// activate stem support by adding `:stem:` to the document header
x = y^2
comment - content which is not included in the output document


.Table Attributes
| Attribute Name | Values

| options
| header,footer,autowidth

| cols
| colspec[;colspec;...]

| grid
| all \| cols \| rows \| none

| frame
| all \| sides \| topbot \| none

| stripes
| all \| even \| odd \| none

| width
| (0%..100%)

| format
| psv {vbar} csv {vbar} dsv


image::screenshot.png[block image,800,450]

Press image:reload.svg[reload,16,opts=interactive] to reload the page.





// thematic break (aka horizontal rule)
// page break